ceph-volume should be able to list metadata for a specific osd
ceph-volume lvm info <osd_id>
would be pretty handy to find out which devices/lvs are connected to the specified osd_id.
All the necessary information should be in the lv_tags.
desired information would be:
journal (if filestore)
not only listing the LVs but also the translation to the actual device would be neat.